This is an important aspect of your story and is often established in the opening.
So, who is telling the story?
- Is it you? The unknown all seeing narrator, who knows what is going on in every character’s mind and who can see it from everyone’s point of view?
- Is it from a single character’s perspective and if so is the character a main player or an observer? Is the story told in the first person?
- Do several characters tell the story in the first person?
- Is the story told from several different points of view? If an incident occurs the different characters would understand different things, feel different things, maybe even see different things.
In a short story all these aspects are of vital importance in order for the reader to properly understand and see what the writer wants them to see.
A story can be told in many ways, not just as narrative. Examples of how to vary what you write could include:
- Newspaper articles
- Other documents
- Scenes from the story as a play, TV programme, soap opera etc
- Brochures, e.g. travel, local information, advertisement
Introduction or opening of your story
It is important to:
- Give the reader a clue about what sort of story they are going to read
- Give them an idea of where the story takes place, set the scene
- Introducing your characters early on is important in a short story.
- Hook the reader, they must want to read the next paragraph, the next page, the rest of the story
In your first paragraphs:
The setting is not just the physical location although that is very important. Use verbs, adjectives, similes, metaphors… all the tools which bring language alive in the readers mind. Use all the senses but use them with discrimination, use colour, describe sounds, perfumes, aromas. It does not have to be a long description, a few well-chosen words or phrases can trigger an image in your readers mind.
The setting is also when it happened. Is it now? Is it in the future? In the past? You don’t always need dates, use famous events to place your story in its time. You can use more subtle clues, for example your characters using old money, listening to a certain type of music, wearing a particular costume.